Neogene coal-forming sedimentation in the Carpathian Foredeep, southern Poland

Jarek Robert Kasiński, Marcin Piwocki


Phytogenic sediments of the Carpathian Foredeep originated in close relationship to transgressive and regressive stages of the Badenian/Sarmatian marine cycle. Allocyclic mechanisms (sea level changes) mostly influenced phytogenic accumulation there. Phytogenic sedimentation was controlled by basement morphology. Brackish conditions, favourable for peat-forming vegetation, covered the valleys developed at the southern slope of the Holy Cross Mts. Therefore, caustobiolithes, occur mostly along the northern margin of the foredeep.

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