Palaeomagnetic age of remagnetizations in Silurian dolomites, Rástla quarry (Central Estonia)

Jüri Plado, Ulla Preeden, Väino Puura, Lauri J. Pesonen, Kalle Kirsimäe, Tánu Pani, Tiiu Elbra

Abstract


Alternating field and thermal demagnetization of dolomite samples from the Silurian (Llandovery) horizontally-bedded sequence of central Estonia reveal two secondary magnetization components (A and B) both of chemical origin. A low-coercivity (demagnetized at Ł50 mT) component A (D = 60.7°, I = 7.7°, a95 = 16.6°) with high dispersion (k = 14.2), yields a palaeopole at 18.2°N and 139.5°E that points towards the Late Devonian -- Mississipian segment of the Baltica APWP (Apparent Polar Wander Path). A high-coercivity component B (D = 13.5°, I = 60.7°, k = 67.0, a95 = 4.7°) carries both normal and reversed polarities. Comparing the palaeopole (71.1°N and 173.3°E) with the European APWP reveals a Cretaceous age. These two remagnetizations are linked to mineral assemblages of magnetite and maghemite (A), and hematite (B) determined from mineralogical (X-ray, SEM and optical microscopy) and rock magnetic (acquisition and thermal demagnetization of a 3-component IRM; Lowrie-test) studies. The results suggest that the first (A) Palaeozoic remagnetization was caused by low-temperature hydrothermal circulation due to the influence of the Caledonian (more likely) or Hercynian Orogeny after the diagenetic dolomitization of carbonates. Hematite, carrying the component B, and goethite, are the latest ferromagnetic minerals that have precipitated into the existing pore space (hematite) and walls of microscopic fractures (goethite) that opened to allow access for oxygen-rich fluids during the Late Mesozoic.

Keywords


Estonia; Baltica; Silurian; palaeomagnetism; remagnetization; dolomites

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