A hydrogeological study of springs in the western part of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, southern Poland

Grażyna Żurawska


The Pieniny Klippen Belt is characterised by diverse lithologies and complex tectonic strukture. The hydrogeological regime of sources can help in the recognition of regional hydrogeological conditions of this lithological-structural unit, as they exemplify groundwaters on the surface in a natural state. Long-term stationary observations, have enabled characterisation of water flow rates and chemistry for nine springs, representative of various parts of the Pieniny Klippen Belt. These analyses demonstrate a seasonal variability. The value of the boundary discharge is similar in all analysed springs and reaches values of 4 to 6 dm3 /min.


Pieniny Klippen Belt; springs; hydrogeological calculations; stationary observation network

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