Environmental changes during the MIS 6a–MIS 5e transition: the Parchliny 2016 profile, central Poland

Aleksandra Majecka, Lucyna Wachecka-Kotkowska, Dariusz Krzyszkowski, Małgorzata Malkiewicz, Joanna Mirosław-Grabowska, Monika Niska, Monika Rzodkiewicz, Elżbieta Myśkow, Klara Tomaszewska, Dariusz Wieczorek, Jerzy Raczyk


We describe the penultimate glacial – last interglacial transition from the one of the numerous palaeolake successions in central Poland, which have yielded many documented Eemian and Early Weichselian floral records. In the new profile, Parchliny 2016, the lacustrine deposits were analysed lithologically, botanically, zoologically, and geochemically, providing new data that illustrate the environmental transition from the Late Saalian (MIS 6a) to the Eemian interglacial (MIS 5e). Five phases of palaeolake development have been distinguished. The first phase was related to the rapid melting of a dead ice block buried in the tills to form a lake. The second phase documented a Late Saalian initial succession, with the dominance of open steppe communities (Stadial 1), followed by a third phase with gradual increasing density of vegetation, the spread of boreal forests (Zeifen interstadial) and further increase in open communities and the retreat of pine (Kattegat stadial). The fourth phase reflected the beginning of Eemian interglacial by the expansion of pioneering birch-pine and purely birch forests and an increasing proportion of deciduous trees, including oak (Vth phase). Diatom, cladoceran and geochemical studies indicate at least two stages of lake development. The first stage (Late Saalian) was of an open lake (2–4 m deep), in relatively cold conditions and nutrient-poor water with the lowest amounts of organic carbon and nitrogen. The second stage (Eemian interglacial), shows warmer, shallower conditions in which the lake’s primary production increased, the water was well oxygenated, and there were more trophic levels.



Eemian interglacial; glacial-interglacial transition; lacustrine deposits; Late Saalian; palaeoenvironment; central Poland

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