Palaeoenvironmental changes in the Transylvanian Basin during the Early Miocene revealed by the foraminifera assemblages

Szabolcs-Flavius Székely, Claudia Beldean, Raluca Bindiu, Sorin Filipescu, Emanoil Săsăran

Abstract


The evolution of the Transylvanian Basin during the Early Miocene has been restored from the succession of palaeoenvironments inferred from the sedimentological trend and succession of specific foraminifera assemblages from Lower Miocene Tihău section in northwestern Transylvanian Basin. Planktonic foraminifera suggest a Burdigalian age and recorded sea-level changes, climatic and productivity events. Benthic foraminifera offered valuable data on the palaeoenvironmental evolution, with a large-scale progradational (coarsening up) sedimentary succession influenced by regional tectonics. The succession of depositional events include: i) transgressive coarse grained deposits with typical mediterranean assemblages of bivalves in beach environments; ii) the glauconitic facies which can be associated to the maximum flooding surface of the transgression; iii) the sedimentation continued on a narrow shelf influenced by deltas during the highstand; iv) influence of regional tectonics and subsequent filling with turbidites associated to fan deltas.

Keywords


Early Miocene; Transylvanian Basin; Central Paratethys; foraminifera; palaeoenvironments

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