Foraminiferal stratigraphy and palaeobathymetry of Paleocene-lowermost Oligocene deposits (Vezhany and Monastyrets nappes, Ukrainian Carpathians)

Svitlana Hnylko, Oleh Hnylko

Abstract


Mainly pelagic/hemipelagic deposits of the Vezhany Nappe (Paleocene-Lowermost Oligocene Metova Formation with a high content of planktonic foraminifera) and typical flysch deposits of the Monastyrets Nappe (Paleocene-Eocene Sushmanets Formation with common agglutinated foraminifera as well as the Eocene Drahovo Formation), of the southwestern inner part of the Ukrainian Carpathians have been studied. The Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina Zone (Lower Danian), Acarinina acarinata Zone (Upper Thanetian), Morozovella subbotinae Zone and Morozovella aragonensis Zone (Ypresian), Acarinina bullbrooki Zone and Acarinina rotundimarginata Zone (Lutetian), Subbotina corpulenta Zone and Subbotina vialovi Zone (Upper Priabonian – Lower Rupelian) based on planktonic foraminifera as well as the Rzehakina fissistomata sensu lato Zone (Paleocene), Glomospira charoidesRecurvoides smugarensis Zone (Ypresian), and an assemblage with Haplophragmoides parvulus (latest Mid Eocene-early Late Eocene) based on agglutinated foraminifera have been identified in these deposits. The deep-water agglutinated foraminifera of the “Rzehakina”, “RhabdamminaandParatrochamminoides assemblages found in the typical flysch deposits of the Sushmanets Formation indicate lower slope to abyssal environments below the CCD. The generic composition and morphological features of planktonic and benthic foraminifera recovered from marls of the Metova Formation suggest pelagic/hemipelagic conditions at bathyal depths above the foraminiferal lysocline.


Keywords


Ukrainian Carpathians; Paleocene-Eocene; foraminifera; biostratigraphy; palaeobathymetry

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