Mélanges and broken formations at the boundary zone of the Magura and Silesian nappes (Gorlice area, Polish Outer Carpathians) - a result of sedimentary and tectonic processes

Krzysztof Starzec, Ewa Malata, Aneta Wronka, Luiza Malina


Based on geological field mapping, analyses of cores from explanatory wells, and foraminiferal age control data, we have differentiated a few types of mélanges and broken formations at the bordering zone between the Magura and Silesian nappes (Gorlice area in the Polish Outer Carpathians). These mélanges and broken formations differ in composition and structure due to different settings and processes of their formation. Several levels of broken formation within the uppermost part of the Krosno Beds were formed as mass-transport deposits at the southern slope of the Silesian Basin. They may record tectonic pulses related to advancing accretionary wedge within Magura area and directly predate the stage of the larger-scale sedimentary mélange formation at the front of the wedge. This mélange is composed mainly of the material representing the Magura succession (Siary Subunit) and the Krosno type sediments of the Silesian succession. It was emplaced within the Silesian basin in the Early Miocene time. The so-called “Harklowa peninsula”, whose geological structure has been the subject of discussions and various interpretations in the past years, is built of this type of mélange. The other recognized type of broken formation and mélange represents the chaotic bodies formed at the base of the Magura Nappe.The results of our studies contribute to better understanding of the structural evolution of this part of the Outer Carpathians.


tectonic and sedimentary mélange, broken formation, accretionary wedge, Outer Carpathians, foraminifera, Early Miocene

Full Text:

PDF | Supplementary files

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7306/gq.1173


  • There are currently no refbacks.